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对食品添加剂的看法和态度
发布日期:2017/04/30 阅读次数:[114]

近年来,国内外由于食品添加剂引发的食品安全问题层出不穷,接连不断曝光的三鹿奶粉中的三聚氰胺、面粉中的增白剂、甲醛啤酒等事件触动了消费者敏感的神经,部分企业或个体经营者在生产中超标使用食品添加剂,甚至违法使用有毒有害物质,使食品的安全风险大大增加,食品添加剂便成为了人们茶前饭后的热门话题。In recent years, domestic and foreign, as food additives food safety problems caused by endless successive exposure of melamine in Sanlu milk powder, flour brightener, formaldehyde beer events touched the sensitive nerve of consumers, some companies or individual operators in the production of excessive use of food additives, or even illegal use of toxic and hazardous substances, so that greatly increases the risk of food safety, food additives, it has become a hot topic of tea before the meal. 不管怎样,食品添加剂已成为我们生活中不可避免的一部分,出现在大多数的食品中 ,我们又以一种什么样的态度对待食品添加剂问题呢。 In any case, food additives has become an inevitable part of our lives, in most of the food, what kind do we have attitudes towards food additives problem then.

根据我国最新的《食品安全法》规定, 食品添加剂是指用于改善食品品质、延长食品保存期、便于食品加工和增加食品营养成分的一类化学合成或天然物质。 According to China's new

食品添加剂主要作用有 : 改善食品品质 , 提高食品质量 , 满足人们对食品风味、色泽、口感的要求 : 提高食品的加工效率 , 使食品加工制造工艺更合理、更卫生、更便捷 ; 防止食品腐败变质 , 延长食品保质期 , 减少损失 , 在极大提高食品品质和档次的同时 , 为消费者提供各种各样价格合理、品质稳定的食物。 Major role in food additives are: to improve food quality, improve food quality, meet people for food flavor, color, taste requirements: to improve the efficiency of food processing, food processing and manufacturing technology to make more rational, more health, more convenient; prevent food spoilage to extend food shelf life, reduce losses, improve food quality and in great grades, while providing consumers with a variety of reasonable price, stable quality of food.

在很长的一段时间里,由于人们没有认识到添加剂的危害,许多国家在食品加工行业普遍使用。 In a very long period of time, because people do not realize the dangers of additives, food processing industry in many countries, widespread use. 随着社会的发展和人们生活水平的提高,越来越多的人对于在食品中使用添加剂会不会对人体健康造成危害提出了疑问。 With the social development and people's living standards improve, more and more people for the use of additives in food will not cause harm to human health into question. 最近越来越多的媒体报道了很多关于食品添加剂的负面报道,如双汇的“瘦肉精”,台湾部分食品的“塑化剂”等等,都使得我们惊慌不安,我们问自己到底我们吃得什么东西没有食品添加剂,又有多少食品是安全的。 Recently more and more media coverage a lot of negative reports

on food additives, such as Shuanghui,

合法的食品添加剂种类繁多,应该区别对待。 A wide range of legitimate food additive and should be treated differently. 有的添加剂属于营养素,例如维生素、矿物元素,适当地添加对身体是有益无害的。 Some additives are nutrients such as vitamins, mineral elements, appropriate to add to the body is useful. 有的添加剂虽然没有营养价值,但是也很有必要,例如防腐剂。 Although some additives have no nutritional value, but also necessary, such as preservatives. 虽然防腐剂这个名称让某些人听了觉得很可怕,但是对于需要长久保存的食品,使用防腐剂是有必要的。 Although the name preservatives heard some people feel so terrible, but requires long-term preservation of food, the use of preservatives is necessary. 防腐剂可以抑制微生物的活动,防止食物腐败变质,延长食品的保质期。

Preservatives can inhibit microbial activity, prevent food spoilage and prolong shelf life of food. 如果不使用防腐剂,食物一旦腐败变质,微生物产生的毒素反而可能对身体健康造成更大的危害。 If you do not use preservatives, food spoilage once, but the toxins produced by micro-organisms may cause more health hazards. 但是也有的添加剂并无太大的必要,例如色素。 But there is not much need for additives such as pigments. 色素本身并无营养价值,也不能增加食物的味道、口感,只是用以给食品染色,让它显得艳丽好看,以吸引消费者购买。 Pigment itself has no nutritional value, can not increase the taste of food, taste, just to give food coloring, it seems pretty bright to attract consumers. 而色素使用较多的是合成色素,大多是以煤焦油为原料制成的偶氮类染料。 The pigment is used frequently in synthetic pigment, mostly based on coal tar as the raw material of the azo dyes. 其中有的经动物实验发现可能是致癌物(包括胭脂红、苋菜红、赤藓红、诱惑红、日落黄),有的能加重哮喘患者的病情,有的能导致过敏等。 Some of the animal experiments that may be carcinogenic (including carmine, amaranth, erythrosine, the temptation to red, sunset yellow), and some can aggravate asthma condition, and some can cause allergy. 由于色素对人体没有任何益处,反而可能有害,应该更严格地限制其使用。 As the pigment of the human body without any benefit, but potentially harmful, should be more strictly limit its use.

面对国内食品添加剂使用混乱、疏于监管的局面,消费者应该自保,多掌握科学知识,理性消费。 Confusion in the face of domestic food additives, and lax regulation of the situation, consumers should protect themselves, and more to master scientific knowledge and rational consumption. 有的非法添加剂的使用,像那些用于漂白、着色的,就是为了满足消费者追求美观的心理。 Some of the illegal use of additives, such as those used for

bleaching, coloring, and the pursuit of beauty is to meet consumer psychology. 如果我们知道那些白净、色泽艳丽的食品很可能都是用非法添加剂处理过的或过量使用了合法添加剂,避免购买,那么这种非法添加就没了市场。 If we know that fair and clear, colorful foods are likely to be treated with illegal additives or excessive use of legal additives, to avoid buying, then this adds no illegal market. 消费者还应该有知情权,应要求对食品添加剂的使用做明确的标明。 Consumers also should have the right, upon request of the use of food additives to be explicitly marked. 例如,使用了色素、香料的食品应该在成分、配料表中明确地标出其成分,而不能以“食用色素、食用香料”含糊过去,因为不同的食用色素、食用香料有不同的毒性,不能一概而论。 For example, the use of pigments, spices food ingredients should be, clearly marked on the list of ingredients in their

composition, not the

因此,消除消费者对食品添加剂的心理恐慌迫在眉睫。 Therefore, the elimination of food additives consumer psychological fear imminent. 用理性发展的眼光去看待食品添加剂问题,社会不必对食品添加剂过度恐慌,更不能因噎废食。 Rational development of the vision to see the issue of food additives, food additives over the community do not have to panic, but not unworthy. 如果一味地排斥,只能产生负面情绪,导致消极的心理暗示以及猜疑。 If we blindly reject, can only produce negative emotions, leading to negative psychological implications as well as suspicion. 要从自己做起,抵制消极信息的传播,同时掌握一些鉴定常识,提高自生科学鉴别食物能力。 Must start with ourselves, to resist the spread of negative information, but have some common sense identification, identification of food science and improve the ability of self. 只有这样,我们才能吃得放心,活的开心。 Only then can we eat at ease, live happy.

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